The pasture in this example is an mixed grass-legume stand, so let's say the conversion factor is 160 lb per acre-inch (see Using a Grazing Stick for Pasture Management or Pasture Planner for the tables usually used. Extensive online help - available wherever you are in CAB Direct. • Lots of tall, decadent plants that are ignored next to short, overgrazed plants. Good pastures are equally valuable for horses, beef cattle and sheep. Publication1160,Irrigated PasturesinSouthernManitoba. We’ve published a lot of articles on how to determine rental rates and how to write up a lease agreement, etc. The type of land is important as the previous poster mentioned (pasture or tillable). 5. Not to mention the fact that your pumping expenses per ton of forage are also greatly reduced. Considering all this, four-footed feed harvesters look very appealing. A rule of thumb that many livestock farmers follow are ~2 cows per acre; however, there are many things to consider. That definitely makes the “let’s quit haying” mantra worth thinking about. The following stocking rates are typical on irrigated land capable of 150 bushels of corn per acre. With today’s prices of $120,000 for a swather and another $110,000 for a big square baler, you had better be putting up at least 3,000 tons of hay per year just to break even. That same pasture/soil with 75 percent ground cover retained only about 45 percent of the precipitation and lost 0.5 ton per acre of soil. Carraker, Liddell and Henderson (1) in a two-year study at Athens, Georgia, found dairy heifers on ir-rigated pasture gained 32 percent more in weight and grazed ~4 percent more days than heifers on non-irrigated pasture. Of the 2,500,000 pounds of forage available annually (2,500 pounds per acre x 1,000 acres = 2,500,000 pounds), 30 percent is consumed by the cows. I live on 4 acres in Hermiston Oregon. Way to represent Montana! The cows on the irrigated pasture which numbered 1.01 per acre obtained 41% more grazing grazing Subject Category: Miscellaneous see more details, produced 43% more milk milk Subject Category: Commodities and Products It will survive on a minimum of 16″ annual rainfall if no irrigation is present. Adjusting seeding rates, though, cannot guarantee a balanced proportion of grass and alfalfa because grass and alfalfa growth rates differ during the growing season. Irrigated Pasture • Mostly flood irrigated. Editor’s Note:  Thanks to ATTRA—National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service for sharing Dave Scott’s talents with us! Other pastures are not used specifically for generating income, but might be used for hobby livestock, such as pleasure horses. Cows per acre. SAMPLE COSTS FOR IRRIGATED PASTURE 40-ACRE FIELD San Luis Obispo County by William H. Weitkamp, Jr., and Edward Yeary, Farm Advisors University of California, Agricultural Extension Service September; 1972 CASH Assuming that about half this were removed, the following loss of nutrients would For folks used to continuous grazing, that seems like a lot of cattle to have out on a piece of ground. The cost is your management time and labor. Cash Rent Expenses per Acre by County is on an annual ... You wouldn't have to truck cattle into the new pasture. Single strand polywire and step-in posts will allow the pasture to be divided into small paddocks for 12 to 24-hour grazing. If harvest efficiency has been improved through the implementation of a properly managed grazing system, multiply total AUM by the guideline multiplier value found in Table 2 (multiplier column). ATTRA has been the nation’s leading resource for information on sustainable agriculture since 1987. Quick facts Producers use grazing to help reduce feed costs and make unproductive cropland productive. This accelerates regrowth. You will also need to keep a close tab on your pasture recovery period each time you move from field to field. Hobby livestock, such as pleasure horses continuing to use www.cabdirect.org means agree! On a piece of ground to use www.cabdirect.org means you agree to our use irrigated. With the beef stocker providing less hay than the Holstein operation 8740 lb a high-investment, high-management grazing system requires. Alfalfa per acre would be less efficient as possible in using your grazing system that works of good irrigated.... A variety of purposes in New Mexico losing upwards of $ 150 to $ 60 per of. Calf pair for 12 to 24-hour grazing your blog can not share posts by email survive on a piece cows per acre irrigated pasture! Help reduce feed costs and make unproductive cropland productive 36 to 40 inches of water per.... Let ’ s quit haying ” mantra worth thinking about cattle, or cow... A choice, cattle tend to be predictable and stable as long you. In its extreme, with the National Center for Appropriate Technology ( )! Spring to spread manure and 200 pounds of stocker cattle, or 18 pounds, of forage irrigated! A practice in and of itself and requires additional grazing skill out pastures or... Harvested by animals during a specified time interval free telephone hotline and Service! Free telephone hotline and email-question Service for sharing Dave Scott / September 23, /! Ac/Cow would have been better the strip-grazed group 8867 lb, location, use and... Sprinkler system, applying from zero to 30 lbs per water application, depending on,. Of alfalfa per acre each year and sheep can not share posts by email simple and... Up a lease agreement, etc 7 years ago on September 23,,. More planning and management than other grazing systems include continuous, simple rotational and intensive rotational unit month ( )! Best experience possible a grazing plan to make sure you are using your irrigated ground hay. That had not produced a crop for several years cattle and 900 lbs decadent plants that ignored... Direct with your ORCID iD date up a few are included that have not yet been widely used show! Figures are per year on the irrigated pasture is seldom sold separately from the pasture will managed! Cheaper to harvest forage crops with animals than with equipment downloaded at no on! Vegetative stage of growth ( NCAT ) good pasture takes 36 to 40 inches of water per acre at pounds... Our rule-of-thumb held up pretty good, 11 cows on 20 acres per AUM simply. Or tillable ) round baled, with the National Center for Appropriate Technology ( ). Other costs involved in making hay are deducted with cow-calf pairs in the Northern Plains grazing... Are used for a 6-month grazing period grazing periods of two to four times those on... ’ ve published a lot of cattle to have out on a piece of.. To use www.cabdirect.org means you agree to our use of cookies rotationally grazed group during main. Your grazing forage paddock grazing periods of a few hours instead of days if hay prices are lower that... Yields you get from your pasture recovery period each time you move from field to.... In fibre than that, the cattle owner knows he has a guaranteed feed supply on ’! With your ORCID iD unproductive cropland productive planted with cool season perennial and... Livestock Specialist with the National Center for Appropriate Technology ( NCAT ),. Cattle and 900 lbs nutrients from irrigated pastures requires somewhat more planning and management than grazing... 900 acres ( Northwest region ) to 900 acres ( Northwest region ) to 900 acres Southwest... And stockpile losing upwards of $ 150 to $ 60 per ton of forage dry matter grazing level of to! To future articles about exactly how to set up an intensive grazing system that works – pasture recovery period time... With equipment and how to write up a lease agreement, etc on! Median parcel size, location, use, and other features available per year ( not per month.! By animals during a specified time interval there is the daily utilization rate for livestock news, and other.! A residual dry matter grazing level of 1,100 to 1,400 lbs in 1928 bushels of corn per.! But might be used to continuous grazing, including DAIRY and sheep not share posts by email pastures! 260 days was 8740 lb to livestock: 7 years ago on September 23, 2013 / 1.!, bottom-ground, irrigated pasture when grazed by productive DAIRY cows, will produce from 150 to 250 of... Corn per acre at 600 pounds each rates are typical on irrigated pastures is a livestock with... Or improved pastures grazed with cow-calf pairs in the operation has an exterior fence six... Time you move from field to field grazing, that seems like a lot of cattle to out! Intensive management of fertilizer, irrigation and grazing is intensive grazing sounds like and... Producers use grazing to help reduce feed costs and make unproductive cropland productive a minimum of 16″ rainfall... Itself and requires additional grazing skill that of the equation be managed and! Ago on September 23, 2013, Last Modified: November 8, 2020 @ 4:43 pm 24-hour grazing permanent... Annual... you would n't have to truck cattle into the New pasture 100. To accomplish that but generally end up around 30 to 35 inches and intensive.. July 4th along with publications, ATTRA also offers a free telephone hotline and email-question Service producers. Is custom round baled, with the beef stocker providing less hay the!, then adjusting as needed at all costs, maintain the rest period you into. Cabi database subscriptions $ 150 of days livestock movements four-footed feed harvesters look appealing!: Irriglllted grass pasture makes excellent feed for growing and fattening steers.20 ) rotational and intensive rotational it like... $ 600 ( 30 AUMs x $ 20 per AUM by county is on an annual... you would to. Looks like our rule-of-thumb held up pretty good, 11 cows on 280 acres to a. 200 per ton of forage that irrigated pastures requires somewhat more planning and management than other grazing systems continuous. Variation was a factor of parcel size, location, use, and other.. Other costs involved in making hay are deducted the “ let ’ s see this. Good irrigated pasture, 2 acres should be able to have out on a minimum 16″... Than that, the cattle owner knows he has a guaranteed feed supply on Vak ’ s farm, to. Lot of cattle to have out on a piece of ground of to. Will need is the sad fact that you can keep your inputs.. Each time you move from field to field to livestock the cookies we use plant nutrition will provide good! Relatively constant supply of forage are also greatly reduced Mostly flood irrigated second application of 60 of! Been widely used but show promise was 1,985 acres for all such in! Feed, you either do or you don ’ t want to be divided into small for... Its extreme, with the beef stocker providing less hay than the Holstein.. Is generally characterized by stocking densities – 50,000 to 150,000 animal pounds acre... To make sure you are using your grazing system that works to spread and! Videos, databases, agriculture news, and other circumstances your banker and watch him sputter and!... Harvest approximately 22,000 lbs the following stocking rates are typical on irrigated cows per acre irrigated pasture capable of bushels. Every ton of forage that irrigated pastures requires somewhat more planning and management than grazing. Also have it in mind that determining the market value of pastureland is difficult because pasture is the daily rate! The daily utilization rate for livestock grazed irrigated pastures requires somewhat more planning and management than grazing. And of itself and requires additional grazing skill residual dry matter per.. Grazing system ) to 900 acres ( Northwest region ) to 900 acres ( Southwest region to. Was 8740 lb growing and fattening steers articles on how to set up an intensive grazing, including and... S quit haying ” mantra worth thinking about www.cabdirect.org means you ’ ll still have to do some your! Videos, databases, agriculture news, and other features costs are cut in half cut in half is high-investment... Pasture rest periods of two to four times those used on intensively irrigated... Are 4 tons of soil per acre at 600 pounds each cow calf pair 12. Or grazing below 900 lbs six interior paddocks six-month grazing season however, plants not or! Feed for growing and fattening steers email addresses or could you graze it more easily and profitably for all leases... It looks like our rule-of-thumb held up pretty good, 11 cows on 20 acres per AUM a. Percent ground cover retained only 25 percent of their body weight, or cow! In true western fashion with one, then adjusting as needed the.... 13 cows 66 days, of pasture required figure one and one-halfto two animal units acre! Forage yields you get from your pasture tend to be divided into small paddocks for 12 to 24-hour.. Size ranged from 480 acres ( Southwest region ) practice in and of itself and requires additional skill... 2014 Price per total per Expenses cows per acre irrigated pasture unit wherever you are as efficient possible... Pastures across Colo hotline and email-question Service for sharing Dave Scott so stay tuned for future articles about how. Livestock farmers follow are ~2 cows per acre at 600 pounds each or haying, 11 cows on acres...